- Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer in men.
- About 44,000 new cases were diagnosed in France in 2017.
- In most cases, it is an adenocarcinoma.
Saddles shouldn’t be taboo! They can provide valuable information about your health. For colorectal cancer, monitor your saddles is of the utmost importance. When the disease is detected early enough, the chances of survival are greater. “Colorectal cancer is a cancer with a good prognosis when diagnosed at an early stage.indicates the High Health Authority.
What signs should alert?
Intestinal transit disorders are a symptom of colorectal cancer: constipation, diarrhea or even nausea. It can also be an urgent need to defecate, a feeling of incomplete evacuation of the rectum and the impression that the rectum is full, stools that are narrower than usual, painful and ineffective efforts to defecate, as indicated in thehealth insurance. The presence of blood in the saddles it is also a signal that should alert. Any change in the appearance or texture of the stool should be noted. If you experience any of these symptoms and they persist, it is important to seek medical attention.
How was the diagnosis made?
During the consultation, the first step is a history that allows the doctor to identify possible risk factors and take into account the history. Then, he performs a clinical exam: digital rectal examination, to feel the rectal wall. “Digital rectal examination can diagnose rectal cancer if it is less than 8 cm from the anusspecifies the Cancer Research Foundation. It allows, in particular, to assess the size of a rectal tumor and its distance from the sphincter..” If the examination confirms the presence of suspicious symptoms, a colonoscopy is prescribed, to “allow the doctor to visualize the mucosa of the patient’s intestinal wall”. When the diagnosis is confirmed, other tests are done to better identify the tumor and its severity.
There are different stages of colorectal cancer: stages 0 and I are the earliest and have the best prognosis, stage II corresponds to an evolution of the tumor, which crosses all the layers of the intestinal wall, in stage III the cancer cells have migrated to the lymph nodes and in stage IV they have formed metastasis. First, patients have surgery to remove the tumor, then sometimes chemotherapy and targeted therapy, such as radiation therapy.
Identified risk factors
The disease is sometimes related to genetic causes, but lifestyle is heavily involved in its appearance. Thus, to limit the risks, it is important not to smoke, limit alcohol consumption, eat a balanced diet, control your weight and practice regular physical activity.