What are the signs of liver disease?

THE ESSENTIAL

  • In France, 49,000 alcohol-related deaths are recorded each year.
  • 75% of cirrhosis is due to alcohol in France.

The abuse of alcohol is dangerous for health“: the message has been widely disseminated for several years. Excessive consumption has consequences, sometimes irreversible, on the liver. In addition, alcohol-related liver disease is the main cause of liver-related death in France. According to the National Professional Council of Hepato-Gastroenterologythis pathology corresponds toany liver damage caused by the consumption of alcoholic beverages”. The scientists point out that there is no safe threshold of consumption, that is, there is no level of consumption below which the risk of liver disease related to the alcohol It is null.

One disease, different stages

Alcohol-related liver disease manifests itself in different stages. The first is the alcoholic fatty liver, corresponds to fatty deposits in liver cells. Some people have no symptoms, others may have jaundice. In case of a decrease in alcohol consumption and with the appropriate treatment, it is possible that the steatosis regresses. Otherwise it usually becomes fibrosis : the Paul Brousse Hepatobiliary Center indicates that it is a “an inflammation linked to the reaction of the immune system” which can lead tonecrosis (destruction) of liver cells”. The There are four stages, corresponding to the amount of scar tissue present in the liver. Most of the time, the disease is asymptomatic and the first pains appear when it evolves into cirrhosis, its last stage. At this level, those affected usually experience tiredness and itching, and sometimes jaundice.

serious complications

Alcoholic liver disease takes on another dimension in the stage of cirrhosis, with a high risk of complications. “The circulation of blood in the liver, which must be able to be done at a high rate, is hampered by cirrhosis: this can cause portal hypertension and the appearance of varices in the esophagus, which can rupture, giving rise to digestive bleeding.warns the Paul Brousse hepatobiliary center. It can also lead to fluid buildup in the abdomen and even liver cancer.

How to treat alcohol-related liver disease?

The first step toward recovery is abstinence from alcohol, or at least reducing it. treatments, such as baclofen can help reduce alcohol dependence. Depending on the stage of the disease, different treatments may be prescribed, but there is a risk of death. Globally, alcohol is the third leading risk factor for death, after high blood pressure and tobacco.


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