Women are significantly more likely than men to experience prolonged Covid symptoms, according to a new scientific study.
Johnson & Johnson researchers analyzed data from 1.3 million patients. At the end of the first elements, the results published in the medical journal Current Medical Research and Opinion allow us to learn a little more about the long Covid phenomenon that appeared with the coronavirus pandemic. The Journal of Current Medical Research and Opinion is an international peer-reviewed journal that specializes in publishing research on new and existing drugs and therapies, and post-marketing research.
It turns out that women are 22% more likely to develop prolonged Covid than men.
“Knowledge of fundamental gender differences in relation to COVID-19 is crucial to identifying effective therapies and public health interventions that include potential gender differential treatment needs.“, the authors said in a press release.
It’s not clear why women are more susceptible to prolonged covid than men, but the authors said it could be due to differences in the way women’s immune systems respond to infection compared to men. .
“Women develop faster and more robust innate and adaptive immune responses, which may protect them from initial infection and severity,” they wrote. “However, this same difference may make women more vulnerable to prolonged autoimmune disease.“
Long Covid is diagnosed when patients who have cleared the infection still have symptoms that last more than four weeks after recovery. In some cases, these symptoms can persist for months or even years.
Patients may experience a variety of persistent symptoms, including fatigue, respiratory difficulties, maux de tête, a cerebral brouillard, joint pain and muscle pain, as well as prolonged gout and odor, according to agencies of health.
We still do not know the elements that precisely determine the development of a long Covid, but several hypotheses have been proposed: as the patients would have a persistent virus in the body, the damage to the nerve pathways caused by the virus and the immune system would remain active after infection.
The study also found that the most common symptoms in women, within four weeks of testing positive, included ear, nose, and throat (ENT) problems; muscle aches and pains; shortness of breath and psychiatric or mood disorders such as depression. While men were more likely to have kidney disorders such as acute kidney injury.
Symptoms during Covid-19 infection were not only different in men and women, but symptoms were also different after prolonged Covid development.
Women are twice as likely to have long-term ENT symptoms and 60% more likely to have gastrointestinal symptoms. In contrast, men had higher rates of kidney and endocrine disorders, including diabetes.